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Diabetes is a condition in which the body fails to generate or use insulin adequately. This is due to an inflammatory condition that creates inflammation in the pancreas and damages its cells.
Today we will tell you everything you need to know about diabetes, including what it means for your health and how to diagnose it early enough to prevent major damage. This article will answer some of your diabetes-related issues and explain how it affects your health.
In this article, we cover What is diabetes, What are type1 and Type2 diabetes, what is Gestational Diabetes, the symptoms of diabetes, Effects of Diabetes. Treatment of Diabetes and How to control diabetes.
What is Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are uncontrollably high. Normally, the body maintains a somewhat steady blood glucose level by releasing insulin or glucagon into the bloodstream as needed. Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes are the three main kinds of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes occurs when beta cells in the pancreas stop producing insulin altogether. This form of diabetes usually manifests itself before age 40 and there is no way to prevent it – it is an autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its own pancreatic cells that produce insulin.
Type 1 Diabetes may be mild at first but the disease progresses over time until insulin shots are required just to maintain blood glucose levels within the normal range. The earlier this form of diabetes is diagnosed the more likely it is that beta cells will regenerate and insulin production will resume; however, there is no way to prevent Type 1 Diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
When the body does not create enough insulin or does not utilize it properly, Type 2 Diabetes develops. Weight loss and lifestyle improvements, such as eating well and exercising, can often prevent this type of Diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes is a specific form of diabetes that occurs only during pregnancy and usually clears up after the baby is born.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Frequent Urinate (pee), often at night. increased thirst. increased hunger. Lose weight without trying. Are very hungry. Have a blurry vision. Have numb or tingling hands or feet. Feel very tired. Have very dry skin. Have sores that heal slowly. Have more infections than usual.
Effect of Diabetes
Diabetes affects the skin, liver, heart, and neurological system, among other organs. Frequent urine and thirst are signs that the body is consuming a big amount of glucose in a short period of time, indicating that it is attempting to metabolize too much sugar at once.
If not treated promptly, this might result in diabetic coma or death. Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed as early as four years old, although type 2 diabetes may not appear until the 40s or 50s, with no symptoms other than those listed above. Gestational Diabetes is most common in the second half of pregnancy.
Blood glucose levels are checked regularly throughout pregnancy to make sure that blood sugar does not get too high (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). If diet and exercise fail to bring blood sugar under control, insulin treatment may be needed.
Treatment and How to Control Diabetes
Treatment for all types of diabetes includes a healthy balanced diet with limited amounts of sugars and carbohydrates; physical activity; stress management; weight loss (if necessary); medication (insulin shots or tablets); frequent blood sugar monitoring; and making healthy lifestyle choices and staying active.
Daily foot care is also important as nerve damage caused by diabetes can lead to loss of feeling in the foot and injury that can eventually cause amputation. People with diabetes should always wear shoes and socks, even indoors, to protect their feet from injury caused by heat, pressure, or rubbing.
Diabetes cannot be cured because it is a chronic (long-term) disease; however, it can be managed and controlled with treatment and lifestyle changes.
Symptoms like frequent urination and thirst will go away once blood glucose levels stop fluctuating so much; diabetic medication will help reduce these symptoms as well. The longer someone has the condition, the more likely they are to develop complications such as blindness or nerve damage that may require additional treatment such as surgery.
How to Deal With Diabetes
A positive attitude is key when dealing with any chronic illness like diabetes – learning all that you can about diabetes. Talking with your doctor regularly to ensure proper treatment, taking medications as prescribed, getting regular exercise, and stress management.
Following a healthy diet plan, participating in diabetic self-management education classes or programs. Being supportive of loved ones who may have the condition with you are all ways to increase the likelihood of successful long-term diabetes management.