It all began somewhere in Central Asia. It glimmers, enigmatic, from deep inside ancient and medieval texts: a reference here, a short remark there, to a mysterious phenomenon to the east.

Nobody understood how or when it started, but it began to expand westward from Central Asia throughout the early Middle Ages.

It was taken down the Silk Road by merchants, travellers, and their caravans to Africa, Europe, and China.

None of them could have predicted that what they were carrying would put in motion a chain of events

that would eventually cost millions of lives and transform the face of civilization.

Of course, we are referring to crucible steel technology.

Central Asia, including what is now Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, has been known for producing better swords, spears, and armour

than almost anyplace else since at least the first century AD.

By the 800s AD, central Asian steels were well-known around the world for producing blades

that were unrivalled in terms of hardness, flexibility, and ability to retain a sharp edge.

To find out what happened and how it happened. Please check out our informative article by clicking below.